|   March 25, 2023

Department of Pharmacognosy

PHCY 335: Pharmacognosy

Prereq: BIOL 150

3C.H.

Lectures: 2 CH

Practical: 1 CH

Contact Hs: 4

Professional

Required

Second Year

Second Semester

English

Course Objectives:

After completing this course, the student will be able to:

  1. Apply the knowledge gained and be able to advise the community, on issues concerning cultivating, harvesting and processing of medicinal plants and their products.
  2. Classify crude drugs morphologically, taxonomically, chemically or pharmacologically.
  3. Define a given crude drug and state its botanical/animal/mineral and geographical sources.
  4. Describe the methods of cultivation, collection and preparation for market, specific to that drug.
  5. Describe macro- and microscopic characters of a given crude drug.
  6. List substitutes and adulterants of a particular drug.
  7. List chemical constituents and uses of each drug.

Course Contents:

This course offers cultivation of medicinal plants, collection, drying and storage of medicinal plant, classification of crude drugs, analytical Pharmacognosy, carbohydrates, study of the chemistry of the carbohydrates, study of drugs containing carbohydrates , phenolic Compounds (introduction), coumarins and coumarins containing drugs, flavonosides and flavonosides containing drugs, tannins and tannins containing drugs. This course covers side effects and drug-medicinal-herbs interactions.  

Practical work:  covers macro and micro investigations of medicinal herbs. It offers to the students the most important local medicinal herbs, their botany, and their uses in the form of a herbarium.

Bibliography

1.Textbook Title:

1. W.C. Evans (1). Trease and Evans' Pharmacognosy, 12th edition. London:
2. Jean Bruneton, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants (1999)
3. J. E. Robberts et al., Pharmacognosy and Pharmacobiotechnology (1996)

4. PDR for Herbal Medicines 2econd edition

5. Brown,  Dictionary of Medicinal Herbs, Sarup & Sons (2002)

2.Internet :

  1.        www.phcog.org
  2.        www.ars-grin.gov/duke/index.html
  3.        www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/med-aro/default.html

Student Evaluation

Behavior & Attendance

5

Quizzes

10

Presentation

10

Midterm

15

Practical Exam

20

Final Exam

40

Total

100

PHCY 460: Phytochemistry

Prereq: PHCY 335

2C.H.

Lectures: 2 CH

Practical: -

Contact Hs: 2

Professional

Required

Third Year

First Semester

English

Course Objectives

After completing this course, the student will be able to:

1- Illustrate the phytochemical methods, extraction, isolation, purification,  chromatography

2-  Review on instrumental methods used in phytochemistry

3-  Describe the chemical structure, the physicochemical properties of natural products of medicinal value

4- Classify terpenic of medicinal importance

5- Classify the alkaloids of medical importance

6- Classify the saponins of medical importance

7-  Classify the glycosides of medical importance

8- Classify the volatile oils of medical importance

9- Extract the active ingredients found in medicinal herbs

10- Analyze the natural products

11- Prepare and analyze these natural products as raw materials or in dosage forms according to official or validated processes of analysis

12- Choose and administer products containing natural products for the treatment of specific disease(s)

Course Contents

         This course covers phytochemical methods, extraction, isolation, purification,  chromatography,  review on instrumental methods, terpenic compounds, introduction to volatile oils and volatile oils containing drugs, sesquiterpenes and diterpenes containing drugs, saponins and saponins containing drugs,  cardioactive glycosides and cardioactive glycosides containing drugs,  alkaloids (introduction), alkaloids derived from ornithine and lysine, alkaloids derived from tryptophan, alkaloids derived from histidine. The course must offer demonstrations on the methods of identifications and analysis of examples of these phytochemicals. The course must offer the pharmaceutical products containing these chemicals

Bibliography

1.Textbook Title:

1. W.C. Evans . Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy, 12th edition. London.

2. Jean Bruneton, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants (1999)
3. J. E. Roberts et al., Pharmacognosy and Pharmacobiotechnology (1996)

4. Phytochemical methods, J. Harborne

5. PDR for Herbal Medicines 2nd edition 

2.References:

1.U.S.P.(the Latest Edition)

2.B.P.   (the Latest Edition)

3.Internet :

1. www.phcog.org

2. www.ars-grin.gov/duke/index.html

3. www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/med-aro/default.html

Student Evaluation

Behavior & Attendance

5

Quizzes

15

Presentation

10

 Midterm

30

Final Exam

40

Total

100

PHCY 470: Complementary Medicine

Prereq: BIOL 150

1C.H.

Lectures: 1 CH

Practical: -

Contact Hs: 1

Professional

Required

Fourth Year

First Semester

English

Course Objectives

After completing this course, the student will be able to:

  1. Enumerate the different complementary medicines
  2. Criticize the different complementary medicines
  3. Recommend one of the complementary or alternative medicines.
  4. Justify the use or the danger of complementary and alternative medicine
  5. Recommend, counsel, and monitor patient use of OTC drugs of medicinal herb origin

Course Contents

This course outlines the types, limitations and uses of Islamic cupping, acupuncture, acupressure, aroma therapy, hydration therapy, homeopathy, food therapy, music therapy magnet therapy and other complementary medicines. Demonstrations for these methods especially are needed

Bibliography

1.Textbook Title:

1. Complementary Medicine. Sobhi Said, Dubai Press (2005)  

2.Internet :

  1. www.phcog.org
  2. www.ars-grin.gov/duke/index.html
  3. www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/med-aro/default.html

Student Evaluation

Behavior & Attendance

5

Quizzes

15

Presentation

10

 Midterm

30

Final Exam

40

Total

100